Basic Sewing Terms
Updated: Mar 18
Starting out , this list of vocabulary words for sewing definitely helped me learn. I thought I'd share.
Bias- diagonal direction of fabric . True bias is at a 45 degree angle to the grainline.
Bias Tape- cotton-covered tape used for binding curved or straight edges and trims.
Bodice- portion of a garment above the waist.
Bodkin-device used to draw elastic, belting and cording through a casing.
Clip-a cut in the fabric to allow ease on curves and corners.
Dressmakers tracing paper and wheel- paper and tool for transferring pattern markings to the wrong side of the fabric.
Edgestitch-top stitching placed very close to the finished edge.
Elastic- a rubberized product used in waistbands and sleeve casings.
Face- the right side of fabric.
Finger Pressing- pressing a small area by creasing with your finger.
Finish- any means of completing the raw garment edge.
Gathers- small, soft folds made by drawing fabric up on a line with hand or machine stitches.
Grain- the direction in which the threads composing the fabric run.
Guidesheet- located inside the pattern; it gives instruction as to the layout of a pattern and directions for sewing.
Hem Facing- lace tape used for hemming.
Layout- cutting chart located on the instruction of a pattern that shows placement of pattern pieces.
Nap- a soft surface with fibers that lie smoothly in one direction.
Notions- Items other than fabric or pattern required to complete a garment.
Raw Edge- an unfinished edge of fabric.
Remnant- an unsold end of piece goods (fabric)
Right side- finished side of fabric , outside of garment.
Seam Allowance-the width of fabric beyond the seamline, not including the garment area.
Seam Binding- Ribbon-like tape used to finish edges.
Seam Ripper- pen-like device that allows careful ripping of mistakes in the fabric.
Self- of same material as rest of the garment.
Selvage- lengthwise finished edges on all woven fabrics.
Trim- to cut away excess fabric.
Twill Tape- a firmly woven tape used to reinforce an area that may receive stress.
Hopefully this helped you as much as it did me!